Grivel M., Jeon D., and Gharib M. (2016) "Experimental study of non-uniform wetting properties and contact line dynamics." 31st Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics, Monterey, CA, 11-16 September 2016.


Petrasek, D., Pahlevan, NM., Tavallali, P., Rinderknecht, D., and Gharib, M. (2015) “Intrinsic Frequency and the Single Wave Biopsy: Implications for Insulin Resistance”. J Diabetes Sci Technol 2015 Jul 16.

Gianni Pedrizzetti, G., Vlachos, P., Little, W., Sotiropoulos, F., Gharib, M., Kheradvar, A. (2015) “Comments on Defining the Contribution of Diastolic Vortex Ring to Left Ventricular Filling”. J Am Coll Cardiol, 65(23):2573-4


Lyon BJ, Aria AI, Gharib M. (2014) "Morphology Engineering of Hollow Carbon Nanotube Pillars by Oxygen Plasma Treatment". Carbon in press.

Pahlevan, NM., Tavallali, P., Rinderknecht, D., Petrasek, D., Matthews, RV., Hou, T and Gharib, M. (2014) "Intrinsic frequency for a systems approach to haemodynamic waveform analysis with clinical applications". Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 11 (98)

Lyon BJ, Aria AI, Gharib M.(2014) " Fabrication of carbon nanotube—polyimide composite hollow microneedles for transdermal drug delivery". Biomedical microdevices. 2014:1-8.

Sanberg, P. R., Gharib, M., Harker, P. T., Kaler, E. W., Marchase, R. B., Sands, T. D., Arshadi, N., Sarkar, S. (2014) "Changing the academic culture – Valuing patents and commercialization towards tenure and career advancement." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences May 6 111 (18) 6542- 6547

Aria, A. and Gharib, M. (2014) "Physicochemical Characteristics and Droplet Impact Dynamics of Superhydrophobic Carbon Nanotube Arrays". Langmuir 30, 6780−6790

Pryzhkova, MV., Aria, I., Cheng, Q., Harris, GM., Zan, X., Gharib, M. and Jabbarzadeh, E. (2014) "Carbon nanotube-based substrates for modulation of human pluripotent stem cell fate". Biomaterials, 35 (19) 5098-5109.

Pahlevan, NM and Gharib, M (2014) “A Wave Dynamics Criterion for Optimization of Mammalian Cardiovascular System”. Journal of Biomechanics 47(7) 1727–1732

Aria, A., Gani, A. W. and Gharib, M. (2014) "Effect of dry oxidation on the energy gap and chemical composition of CVD graphene on nickel". Applied Surface Science, 293 1-11.

Pahlevan, NM and M Gharib. (2014) “A Bio-Inspired Approach for the Reduction of Left Ventricular Workload”. PLoS ONE 9(1): e87122

Pahlevan, NM., and Gharib, M. (2014) "Pathological Wave Dynamics: A Postulate for Sudden Cardiac Death in Athletes", Medical Hypotheses 82 (1) 64-70.

Kim, D and Gharib, M. (2014) "Unsteady loading of a vertical-axis turbine in the interaction with an upstream deflector” Experiments in Fluids, 55, 1658


Kim, D. and Gharib, M. (2013) “Efficiency improvement of straight-bladed vertical-axis wind turbines with an upstream deflector” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 115, 48-52

Kim, D., Cosse, J., Cerdeira, CH., and Gharib, M. “ (2013) "Flapping dynamics of an inverted flag" Journal of Fluid Mechanics 736 R1

Rinderknecht, D. and Gharib, M. (2013) "A Bioinspired Pump for Space Applications" Acta Futura, 6, pp.09-16

Gat A.D., Vahdani, A, Navaz H., Nowakowski, A and Gharib M. (2013)"Asymmetric wicking and reduced evaporation time of droplets penetrating a thin double-layered porous material"Appl. Phys. Lett 103, 134104

Pahlevan NM. and Gharib, M (2013) “In-Vitro Investigation of a Potential Wave Pumping Effect in Human Aorta” Journal of Biomechanics 46 (13) 3 Sept: 2122–2129

Aria, A. I., and Gharib, M. (2013) “Dry Oxidation and Vacuum Annealing Treatments for Tuning the Wetting Properties of Carbon Nanotube Arrays” J. Vis. Exp., e50378, doi:10.3791/50378

Gat A.D. and Gharib M. (2013) “Elasto-Capillary Coalescence of Multiple Parallel Sheets”, J. Fluid Mech. Mechanics 7233, 692 - 705


Gat A.D., Navaz H. and Gharib M. (2012) “Wicking of a liquid bridge connected to a moving porous surface”, J. Fluid Mech. 703, 315-325.


Gat, A., Navaz, H., and Gharib, M. (2011) "Dynamics of freely moving plates connected by a shallow liquid bridge", Physics of Fluids, 23:9

Aria, A and Gharib, M. (2011) “Weber Number Dependent behavior of Water Droplet Impacting a Superhydrophobic Carbon Nanotube Array”, Physics of Fluids, submitted.

Pahlevan N. M. and Gharib, M. (2011) "Aortic Wave Dynamics and Its Influence on Left Ventricular Workload". PLoS ONE August:6:8

Huera-Huarte, F.J., Jeon, D. and Gharib, M. (2011) "Experimental investigation of water slamming loads on panels", Ocean Engineering, 38:1347–1355

Kim, D. and Gharib, M. (2011) "Characteristics of vortex formation and thrust performance in drag- based paddling propulsion", The Journal of Experimental Biology 214:2283-2291

Aria, A. and Gharib, M. (2011) "Reversible Tuning of Wettability of Carbon Nanotube Arrays: The Effect of UV/ozone and Vacuum Pyrolysis Treatments", Journal of Langmuir 27:9005–9011

Pahlevan N. M. and Gharib, M. (2011) "Low pulse pressure with high pulsatile external left ventricular power: influence of aortic waves". Journal of Biomechanics, 44:11:2083–2089

Kim, D. and Gharib, M. (2011) "Flexibility effects on vortex formation of translating plates", Journal Fluid Mechanics, 677:55–271

Huera-Huarte, F.J. and Gharib, M. (2011) "Vortex- and wake-induced vibrations of a tandem arrangement of two flexible circular cylinders with far wake interference ", Journal of Fluids and Structures, 27(5–6) July–August: 824-828

Huera-Huarte, F.J. and Gharib, M. (2011) "Flow-induced vibrations of a side-by-side arrangement of two flexible circular cylinders", Journal of Fluids and Structures, 27:354–366.

Pahlevan NM, Amlani F, Gorji H, Hussain F, Gharib M. (2011) “A Physiologically Relevant, Simple Outflow Boundary Model for Truncated Vasculature”, Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 39(5): 1470- 1481


Lin BA, Forouhar AS, Pahlevan NM, Anastassiou CA, Grayburn PA, Thomas JD, Gharib M. (2010) “Color Doppler Jet Area Overestimates Regurgitant Volume when Multiple Jets are Present.” Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography. 23 (9): 993-1000.

Kim, D and Gharib, M., (2010) “Experimental study of three-dimensional vortex structures in translating and rotating plates”, Experiments Fluids, 49: 329–339

Nasiraei Moghaddam, A., Saber, N., Wen, H., Finn, J., Ennis, D. and Gharib, M. (2010) "Analytical method to measure three-dimensional strain patterns in the left ventricle from single slice displacement data", Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 12:33

Kheradvar A, Houle H, Pedrizzetti G, Tonti G, Belcik T, Ashraf M, Linder JR, Gharib M, Sahn DJ.(2010) "Echocardiographic Particle Image Velocimetry: A Novel Technique for Quantification of Left Ventricular Blood Vorticity Pattern", Journal of American Society of Echocardiography (JASE), 23(1): 86-94.

Vermot, J., Forouhar, A., Liebling, M., Wu, D., Plummer, D., Gharib, M., and Fraser, S. (2010) "Reversing Blood Flows Act through klf2a to Ensure Normal Valvulogenesis in the Developing Heart", PLoS Biology, Nov;7(11):e1000246.


Grosberg, A., Gharib, M. and Kheradvar (2009) "Effect of fiber geometry on pulsatile pumping and energy expenditure", Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 71: 1580–1598.

Grosberg, A. and Gharib, M. (2009) "A dynamics double helical band as a model for cardiac pumping", Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 4(2): 026003

Grosberg, A. and Gharib, M. (2009) "Modeling the macro-structure of the heart: healthy and diseased", Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 47(3):301-311

Grosberg, A. and Gharib, M. (2009) "Computational models of heart pumping efficiencies based on contraction waves in spiral elastic bands", Journal of Theoretical Biology, 257(3):359-370

Kheradvar, A. and Gharib, M (2009) "On Mitral Valve Dynamics and its Connection to Early Diastolic Flow ", Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 37(1): 1-13

Nasiraei-Moghaddam, A. and Gharib, M. (2009) "Evidence for the existence of a functional helical myocardial band," The American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 296:127- 131


Grosberg, A. and Gharib, M. (2008) “Physiology in Phylogeny: Modeling of mechanical driving forces in cardiac development”, Heart Failure Clinics, 4(3):247-259

Lin, A.P., Bennett, E., Wisk, L., Gharib, M., Fraser, S.E., and Wen, H. (2008) "Circumferential Strain in the Wall of the Common Carotid Artery: Comparing Displacement-Encoded and Cine MRI in Volunteers", Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 60:8–13

Graff, E. and Gharib, M (2008) "Performance prediction of point-based three-dimensional volumetric measurement systems", Measurement Science and Technology,19 075403

Avrahami, I. and Gharib, M., (2008) “Computational studies of resonance wave pumping in compliant tubes”, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 608:139-160.

Bluestein, D., Alemu, Y., Avrahami, I., Gharib, M., Dumont, K., Ricotta, J.J., Einav, S., (2008) "Influence of microcalcifications on vulnerable plaque mechanics using FSI modeling" Journal of Biomechanics, 41 (5) 1111-1118

Loumes, L., Avrahami, I. and Gharib, M., (2008) “Resonant pumping in a multilayer impedance pump”, Physics of Fluids, 20 (2) 023103.

Bartol, IK., Gordom, MS., Web, P., Weihs, D., Gharib, M., (2008) "Evidence of self-correcting spiral flows in swimming boxfishes", Journal of Bioinspiration and Biomimetics, 3 (1): 014001

Sansom, E.B., Rinderknecht, D., and Gharib, M., (2008) "Controlled partial embedding of carbon nanotubes within flexible transparent layers", Nanotechnology, 19:035302

Lu, J., Pereira, F., Fraser, S., Gharib, M., (2008) "Three-dimensional real-time imaging of cardiac cell motions in living embryos", Journal of Biomedical Optics,13 (1) 014006.


Kheradvar, A., Gharib, M., (2007) “Influence of Ventricular Drop on Mitral Annulus Dynamics Through the Process of Vortex Ring Formation," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 35(12): 2050-2064.

Huang, X., Zhou, J., Sansom, E., Gharib, M., Haur, S.C.(2007) "Inherent-opening-controlled pattern formation in carbon nanotube arrays, " Nanotechnology, 18 (30):305301

Kheradvar A, Milano M, Gharib M., (2007) "Correlation between vortex ring formation and mitral annulus dynamics during ventricular rapid filling", Journal of American Society for Artificial Internal Organs, 53(1):8-16.

Rambod, E., Beizai, M., Sahn, D., and Gharib, M., (2007) "Role of Vortices in Growth of Microbubbles at Mitral Mechanical Heart Valve Closure," Annals of Biomedical Engineering,35(7):1131-1145.

Ringuette, M., Milano, M. and Gharib, M., (2007) "Role of the tip vortex in the force generation of low aspect ratio, normal flat plates", The Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 581:453-468

Pereira, F., Lu, J., Castaño-Graff, E., and Gharib, M., (2007) "Microscale 3D flow mapping with μDDPIV" ,Experiments in Fluids, 42:589–599

Fujisawa, M., Verhoeckx, D., Dabiri, M., Gharibm, M. and Hertzberg, J. (2007)" Recent Progress in Flow Visualization Techniques toward the Generation of Fluid Art", Journal of Visualization, Journal of Japan, 10(20):129-244


Liebling, M., Forouhar, A. S., Wolleschensky, R., Zimmermann, B., Ankerhold, R., Fraser, S., Gharib, M. and Dickinson, M. (2006) “Rapid Three-Dimensional Imaging and Analysis of the Beating Embryonic Heart Reveals Functional Changes During Development”, Development Dynamics, vol 235: 2940-2948.

Zhou, J., Noca, F., Gharib, M., (2006) "Flow conveying and diagnosis with carbon nanotube arrays", Nanotechnology, No. 17: 4845–4853

Pereira, F., Heinrich, S., Graff, E.C., Gharib, M., (2006) “Two-frame 3D particle tracking,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 17, No. 7: 1680–1692.

Shusser M, Rosenfeld M, Dabiri JO, Gharib M (2006) “Effect of time-dependent piston velocity program on vortex ring formation in a piston/cylinder arrangement,” Physics of Fluids 18(3), 033601 (2006).

Kheradvar, A., Milano, M., Gorman, R.C., Gorman, III J.H., Gharib, M., (2006) “Assessment of Left Ventricular Elastic and Viscous Components Based on Ventricular Harmonic Behavior," Cardiovascular Engineering: An International Journal, 6(1): 30-39.

Forouhar, A. S., Liebling, M., Hickerson, A., Moghaddam, A., Tsai, H. J., Hove, J. R., Fraser, S. E., Dickinson, M. E., Gharib, M., (2006) "The Embryonic Vertebrate Heart Tube Is a Dynamic Suction Pump," Science, Vol. 312. no. 5774, pp. 751 - 753

Hickerson, A. I., Gharib, M., (2006) "On the Resonance of a Pliant Tube as a Mechanism for Valveless Pumping," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 555: 141-8.

Pottebaum, T. S., Gharib, M., (2006) " Using oscillations to enhance heat transfer for a circular cylinder" International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer," Vol. 49, No. 17-18: 3190-3210.

Gharib M, Rambod E, Kheradvar A, Sahn DJ, Dabiri JO (2006) “Optimal vortex formation as an index of cardiac health,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Vol. 103, No. 16: 6305- 6308.

Kheradvar,A, Kasalko, J., Johnson, D., Gharib M (2006) "An in-vitro study of changing profile heights in mitral bioprostheses and its influence on flow", Journal of American Society for Artificial Internal Organs, 52(1):34-38.

Krueger PS, Dabiri JO, Gharib M (2006) “The formation number of vortex rings formed in uniform background co-flow, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 556: 147 – 166


Dabiri JO, Colin SP, Costello JH, Gharib M (2005) “Vortex motion in the ocean: in situ visualization of jellyfish swimming and feeding flows,” Physics of Fluids 17 (9): 091108.

Manuel Castella, Gerald D. Buckberg, Saleh Saleh, Morteza Gharib, (2005) "Structure function interface with sequential shortening of basal and apical components of the myocardial band" European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery, 27: 980–987

Simcha Milo, Mehrdad Zarandi, Chaim Gutfinger, Morteza Gharib, (2005) "Can Regurgitant Flow Damage the Left Atrial Endothelium in Patients with Prosthetic Mechanical
Heart Valves?" Journal of Heart Valve Disease, Vol. 14. No. 3

Dabiri JO, Gharib M (2005) "The role of optimal vortex formation in biological fluid transport", Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 272: 1557-1560.

Liebling, M., Forouhar, A.S., Gharib, M., Fraser, S.E. and Dickinson, M.E., (2005) "4-Dimensional Cardiac Imaging in Living Embryos via Post-Acquisition Synchronization of Nongated Slice-Sequences," Journal of Biomedical Optics,10 (5): 054001.

Milano, M., Gharib, M., (2005) "Uncovering the physics of flapping flat plates with artificial evolution", Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 534: 403-409.

Krueger, P., Gharib, M., (2005) "Thrust Augmentation and Vortex Ring Evolution in a Fully Pulsed Jet", American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, 43 (4): 792-801.

Cox, JL., Ad, N., Myers, K., Gharib, M. and Quijano, RC., (2005) "Tubular Heart Valves: A New Tissue Prosthesis Design-Preclinical Evaluation of the 3F Aortic Bioprosthesis", Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 130:520-527.

Dabiri JO, Colin SP, Costello JH, Gharib M (2005) "Flow patterns generated by oblate medusan swimmers: in situ observation and analysis", Journal of Experimental Biology, 208: 1257-1265.

Dabiri JO, Gharib M (2005) "Starting flow through nozzles with temporally variable exit diameter", Journal of Fluid Mechanics 538: 111-136.

Iwaniec Hickerson, A. , Rinderknecht, D., and Gharib, M., (2005) "Experimental Study of the Behavior of a Valveless Impedance Pump", Experiments in Fluids, 38:(4) 534 - 540 .

Rinderknecht, D., Iwaniec Hickerson, A. and Gharib,M. (2005) " A valveless micro impedance pump driven by electromagnetic actuation" J. Micromech. Microeng. 15; 861-866.


Buckberg GD, Weisfeldt ML, Ballester M, Beyar R, Burkhoff D, Coghlan HC, Doyle M, Epstein ND, Gharib M, Ideker RE, Ingels NB, LeWinter MM, McCulloch AD, Pohost GM, Reinlib LJ, Sahn DJ, Sopko G, Spinale FG, Spotnitz HM, Torrent-Guasp F, Shapiro EP, (2004) "Left ventricular form and function: scientific priorities and strategic planning for development of new views of disease", Circulation 110(14) 333-336

Pereira, F. and Gharib, M., (2004) “A method for three-dimensional particle sizing in two-phase flows” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 15, pp. 2029-2038.

Jeon, D., Gharib, M., (2004) “On the relationship between the vortex formation process and cylinder wake vortex patterns” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 5:19 (161-187)

Dabiri, JO, Gharib, M., (2004) “Fluid entrainment by isolated vortex rings” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 511: 311-331

Pottebaum, T. S., Gharib, M., (2004) "The pinch-off process in a starting buoyant plume" Experiments in Fluids , Vol 37 (1): 87 - 94

Dabiri, JO, Gharib, M. (2004) "A Revised Slug Model Boundary Layer Correction for Starting Jet Vorticity Flux" Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics, 17(4): 224-226

Dabiri, JO, Gharib, M. (2004) "Delay of vortex ring pinchoff by an imposed bulk counterflow" Physics of Fluids, vol 16, (4 ): L28-L30


Dabiri, JO, Gharib, M. (2003) "Sensitivity analysis of kinematic approximations in dynamic medusan swimming models" Journal of Experimental Biology, 20, (206):3675-80

Milo S., Rambod E, Gutfinger C, Gharib, M. (2003) "Mitral mechanical heart valves: in vitro studies of their closure, vortex and microbubble formation with possible implications" European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery, 24, (3):364-70

Jeon, D, Pereira, F, Gharib, M, (2003) "Applications of Defocusing DPIV to Bubbly Flow Measurement", Particle & Particle Systems Characterization, 20, (3): 193-198

Milo S., Gutfinger C, Chu GY, Gharib, M (2003) "Bubble formation on St. Jude Medical mechanical heart valves:an in-vitro study", Journal of Heart Valve Dis. 12,(3):406-10

Krueger, P, Dabiri, JO, Gharib, M, (2003) "Vortex ring pinchoff in the presence of simultaneously initiated uniform background co-flow", Physics of Fluids, vol 15, 7, 49-52

Krueger, P., Gharib, M., (2003) “The Significance of Vortex Ring formation to the impulse and Thrust of a Starting Jet” Physics of Fluids, vol 15, 5, 1271-1281

Bartol IK, Gharib M, Weihs D, Webb PW, Hove JR, Gordon MS., (2003) "Hydrodynamic stability of swimming in ostraciid fishes: role of the carapace in the smooth trunkfish Lactophrys triqueter." Journal of Experimental Biology, Feb;206 (Pt 4):725-44.

DeGroff CG, Thornburg BL, Pentecost JO, Thornburg KL, Gharib M, Sahn DJ, Baptista A., (2003) "Flow in the Early Embryonic Human Heart."Pediatr Cardiol., 24(4):375-80

Gharib, M., Beizaie, M., (2003) "Correlation Between Negative Near-wall Shear Stress in Human Aorta and Various Stages of Congestive Heart Failure", Annals of Biomedical Eng., 31:678-685

Ol, Michael, Gharib, M. (2003) "Leading-Edge Vortex Structure of Nonslender Delta Wings at Low Reynolds Number" American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, vol 41, No. 1

Hove, J.R., Koster, R.W., Forouhar, A.S., Acevedo-Bolton, G., Fraser, S.E., and Gharib, M. (2003). "Intracardiac fluid-forces are an essential epigenetic factor for embryonic cardiogenesis", Nature, Jan 9; 421:172-7.(Cover Page)


Bartol IK, Gordon, M. Gharib, M. Hove, J. Webb, P. and Weihs, D., (2002) "Flow Patterns Around the Carapaces of Rigid-bodied, Multi-propulsor Boxfishes (Teleostei:Ostraciidae), Integr. Comp. Biol., 42:971-980

Gharib M., Pereira, F., Dabiri, D., Hove, J., and Modarress, D. (2002) "Quantitative Flow Visualization Toward a Comprehensive Flow Diagnostic Tool”, Integr. Comp. Biology, 42:964-970

Pereira, F., Gharib, M., (2002) “Defocusing Digital Particle Image Velocimetry and the Three- Dimensional Characterization of Two-Phase Flows”, Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 13, pp. 683-694

Wu, M., Gharib, M., (2002) “Experimental Studies on the Shape and Path of Small Air Bubbles Rising in Clean Water”, Physics of Fluids, vol. 14, Issue 7, pp. L45-L56, 2029-2581

Ma, X., Karniadakis, G.E., Park, H., Gharib, M., (2002) “DPIV-Driven Simulation: A New Computational Paradigm”, Proceedings Of The Royal Society, A, 01PA149

Shusser, M., Gharib, M., Rosenfeld, M., Mohseni, K. (2002) “On the Effect of Pipe Boundary Layer Growth on the Formation of a Laminar vortex Ring Generated by a Piston/Cylinder Arrangement” Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics, vol. 15: pp. 303-316

Ma, X., Karniadakis, G.E., Park, H., Gharib, M. (2002) “DPIV/T-driven convective heat transfer simulation” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol 45, pp. 3517-3527

Navaz, H.K., Faramarzi, R., Gharib, M., Dabiri, D., Modarress, D., (2002) “The application of Advanced Methods in Analyzing the Performance of the Air Curtain in a Refrigerated Display Case”, Journal of Fluids Engineering, Volume 124, Issue 3, pp. 7560764

Gharib, M., Kremers, D., Koochesfahani, M.M., Kemp, M. (2002) “Leonardo’s Vision of flow Visualization”, Experiments in Fluids, vol 33, pp. 219-223

Gharib, M., Pereira, F. Dabiri, D., Modarress, D., (2002) “Quantitative Flow Visualization: Toward a Comprehensive Flow Diagnostic Tool”, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 972: pp. 1-9


Pentecost JO, Sahn DJ, Thornburg BL, Gharib M, Baptista A, Thornburg KL. (2001) "Graphical and stereolithographic models of the developing human heart lumen." Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics, Nov-Dec;25(6):459-63.

Torrent-Guasp, F., Buckberg, G., Clemente, C., Cox, J. Coghlan, C., Gharib, M., (2001) "The Structure and function of the Helical Heart and its Buttress Wrapping. I. The Normal Macroscopic Structure of the Heart", Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, (Oct) Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 301-319

Coghlan HC, Coghlan AR, Buckberg GD, Gharib M, Cox JL. (2001) "The structure and function of the helical heart and its buttress wrapping. III. The electric spiral of the heart: The hypothesis of the anisotropic conducting matrix." Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Oct;13(4):333-41.

Buckberg GD, Clemente C, Cox JL, Coghlan HC, Castella M, Torrent-Guasp F, Gharib M. (2001) "The structure and function of the helical heart and its buttress wrapping. IV. Concepts of dynamic function from the normal macroscopic helical structure." Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Oct;13(4):342-57.

Athanasuleas CL, Buckberg GD, Menicanti L, Gharib M. (2001) "Optimizing ventricular shape in anterior restoration." Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Oct;13(4):459-67.

Park, H.G., and Gharib, M., (2001) "Experimental Study of Heat Convection from Stationary and Oscillating Circular Cylinder in Cross Flow", Journal of Heat Transfer, vol. 123 pp. 51-62

Jeon, D. and Gharib, M. (2001) “On Circular Cylinders Undergoing Two-Degree-of-Freedom Forced Motions” Journal of Fluids and Structures, vol. 15, pp. 533-541

Park, H.G., Dabiri, D., Gharib, M., (2001) "Digital particle imagae velocimetry/thermometry and application to the wake of a heated circular cylinder", Experiments in Fluids, 30 pp. 327-338


Gharib, M. and Dabiri, D. (2000) “Digital Particle Image Velocimetry” in Flow Visualization:Techniques and Examples, A.J. Smits and T.T.Lim, editors, pp. 123-147

Pereira, F., Gharib, M., Dabiri, D. and Modarress, M.,, (2000) “Defocusing DPIV: A 3-component 3-D DPIV Measurement Technique. Application to Bubbly Flows” Experiments in Fluids, vol. 29, pp. S78- S84

Lang, A.W. and Gharib, M. (2000) “Experimental study of the wake behind a surface-piercing cylinder for a clean and contaminated free surface” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 402, pp. 109-136

Bluestein, D., Rambod, E., and Gharib, M., (2000) “Vortex Shedding as a Mechanism for Free Emboli Formation in Mechanical Heart Valves” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, vol. 122, No. 2, pp.125- 134

Shusser, M., and Gharib, M., (2000) “Energy and Velocity of a Forming Vortex Ring” Physics of Fluids, vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 618-621

Shusser, M. and Gharib, M. (2000) “ A Model for Vortex Ring Formation in a Starting Buoyant Plume” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 416, pp. 173-185

Sahn, D., Thornburg, K., Thornburg, J., Pentecost, J., Shaviv, H., Gharib, M., Martin, S., (2000) “Studies of Flow in Accurate Models of Early Embryonic Human Heart” Pediatric Cardiology WL35(2) :517A, 2000


Wanitkun S, Gharib M, Zarandi M, Shiota T, Sahn DJ. (1999) "Evaluation of descending aortic flow volumes and effective orifice area through aortic coarctation by spatiotemporal integration of color Doppler data: An in vitro study." Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, Jun;12(6):517- 26.

Seifert BL, DesRochers K, Ta M, Giraud G, Zarandi M, Gharib M, Sahn DJ. (1999) "Accuracy of Doppler methods for estimating peak-to-peak and peak instantaneous gradients across coarctation of the aorta: An In vitro study." Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, Sep;12(9):744-53.

Levy DJ, Child JS, Rambod E, Gharib M, Milo S, Reisner SA. (1999) "Microbubbles and mitral valve prostheses - transesophageal echocardiographic evaluation." Journal of the European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology Sep;10(1):31-40.

Rambod, E., Beizai, M., Shusser, M., Milo, S., Gharib, M. (1999) “A Physical Model Describing the Mechanism for Formation of Gas Microbubbles in Patients with Mitral Mechanical Heart Valves.” Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol. 27, No. 5, Page 774-92

Gharib, M. and Dabiri, D., (1999) “Digital Particle Image Velocimetry.” Flow Visualization: Techniques and Examples, Ed. A.J. Smits and T.T. Lim, Imperial College Press, pp. 123-148

Gharib, M. and Beizaie, M., (1999) “Visualization of Two-dimesional Flows by a Liquid (Soap) Film Tunnel.” Journal of Visualization, vol. 2, No. 2, The Visualization Society of Japan and Ohmsha, Ltd., pp. 119-126


Rosenfeld, M., Rambod, E., Gharib, M., (1998) “Circulation and formation number of laminar vortex rings,” Journal of Fluid Mechics, vol. 376, pp. 297-318

Mohseni, K., Gharib, M., (1998) “A model for universal time scale of vortex ring formation,” Physics of Fluids, vol. 10, No.10, 2436--2438, October 1998.

Roesgen, T., Lang, A., Gharib, M., (1998) “Fluid surface imaging using microlens arrays,” Experiments in Fluids, vol. 25, 126--132.

Gharib, M., Rambod, E., and Shariff, K. (1998) “A Universal Time Scale for Vortex Ring Formation,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 360, pp. 121-140.


Westerweel, J., D. Dabiri, and M. Gharib, (1997) “The effect of discrete window offset on the accuracy of cross-correlation analysis of digital PIV recording,” Experiments in Fluids, vol. 23, pp. 20-28.

Huang, H., Dabiri, D., and M. Gharib (1997) “On errors of digital particle image velocimetry” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 8, Issue 12, pp. 1427-1440, 1 December.

Atsavapranee, P. and M. Gharib (1997) “Structures in stratified mixing layers Part 1. The two- dimensional plane mixing layer” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 342, pp. 53-86.

Beizaie, M. and M. Gharib, (1997) “Fundamentals of a Liquid (Soap) Film Tunnel”, Experiments in Fluids, vol. 23, pp. 130-140.

Dabiri, D., Zhang, X., & Gharib, M. (1997), “Free-Surface Slopes and Elevations,” Atlas in Visualization III, edited by the Visualization Society of Japan, CRC Press, pgs. 1-22.

Dabiri, D., & Gharib, M., (1997) “Experimental Investigation of the Vorticity Generation within a Spilling Breaking Water Wave”, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol 330, pp. 113-139.

Dooley, B., A. Warncke, M. Gharib, G. Tryggvason (1997), “Vortex ring generation due to the coalescence of a water drop at a free surface,” Experiments in Fluids, vol. 22, pp. 369-374.

Weigand, A. and M. Gharib (1997) “On the evolution of laminar vortex rings”, Experiments in Fluids, vol. 22.

Willert, C. E, and M. Gharib, (1997) “The interaction of spatially modulated vortex pairs with free surfaces,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics , vol. 345, pp. 227-250.


Simpson IA, Shiota T, Gharib M, Sahn DJ. (1996) "Current status of flow convergence for clinical applications: is it a leaning tower of "PISA"?" Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Feb;27(2):504-9. Review.

Shiota T, Sinclair B, Ishii M, Zhou X, Ge S, Teien DE, Gharib M, Sahn DJ. (1996) "Three-dimensional reconstruction of color Doppler flow convergence regions and regurgitant jets: an in vitro quantitative study." Journal of the American College of Cardiology, May;27(6):1511-8.

Dabiri, D. , & Gharib, M. (1996) “The Effects of Forced Boundary Conditions on flow within a cubic cavity using digital particle image thermometry and velocimetry (DPITV), Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 13: 349-363.

Gharib, M., (1996) “Perspective: The Experimentalist and the Problem of Turbulence in the Age of Supercomputers,” Journal of Fluids Engineers, vol. 118, no. 2, pp. 233-242.

Gharib, M. and A. Weigand, (1996) “Experimental Studies of Vortex Disconnection and Connection at a Free Surface: A Physical Flow Model,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 321, 59-86.

Raffel, M., Westerweel, J., Willert, C., Gharib, M., and Kompenhans, J. (1996) “Analytical and Experimental Investigations of Dual-Plane Particle Image Velocimetry,” Optical Engr, vol. 35, pp. 2067- 2074.

Rambod, E., Gharib, M., Milo, S., Reisner, S., Sahn, D., (1996) “Spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (PE); mechanical heart valve closure and extraction of bubbles in gas-saturated solution - an in-vitro study,” Journal of Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Procedures, 13 (1): 99.

Rambod, E., Levy, E., Child, J., Gharib, M., Milo, S., Sahn, D., (1996) “Spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (SPE) associated with mitral valve closure; evaluation by TEE and an in-vitro comparison between two different mechanical bileaflet,” Journal of Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Procedures, 13 (1): 99.

Warncke, A. and M. Gharib (1996) “Flow Measurements Near a Reynolds Ridge”, ASME Journal of Fluids Eng. vol. 118, p.621-4.

Zhang, X., Dabiri, D., and Gharib, M. (1996), “Optical Mapping of Fluid Density Interfaces: Concepts and Implementations,” Review of Scientific Instruments, 67, No. 5, 1858-1868.


Raffel, M., M. Gharib, O. Ronneberger, J. Kompenhans, (1995) “Feasibility Study of Three-Dimensional PIV by Correlating Images of Particles within Parallel Light Sheet Plane,” Experiments in Fluids, vol 19, 69-77.

Shandas, R., Gharib, M., Sahn, D., (1995) “Nature of flow acceleration into a finite-sized orifice: Steady and pulsatile flow studies on the flow convergence region using simultaneous ultrasound Doppler flow mapping and laser Doppler velocimetry,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 25: 1199-1212.

Weigand, A. and M. Gharib, (1995) “Turbulent Vortex-Ring/Free-Surface Interaction. ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, vol. 117-123, 374.


Atsavapranee, P. and M. Gharib, (1994) “A plane mixing layer with cross-shear,” Physics of Fluids 6 (9), 2880-2882.

Gharib, M. (1994) “Some aspects of near-surface vortices,” Applied Mechanics Reviews, Vol. 47, no. 6, part 2, pp. s157-162.

Gharib, M., Rambod, E., Shiota, T., Dalton, N., Hershberger, R., Passafini, A., Sahn, D., (1994) “Vortical structures in cardiac filling flows: A universal descriptor of diastolic efficiency. In vitro and clinical studies,” Circulation 90: 1-599.

Liepmann, D., Gharib, M., Beizaie, M., Sahn, D., (1994) “In-vitro experiments for visualization and measurement of flow convergences using a new calibrated two-dimensional soap film tunnel,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Feb.: 108A.

Weigand, A. and M. Gharib, (1994) “On the decay of a turbulent vortex ring,” Physics of Fluids, vol. 6, No. 12, pp. 3806-3808.


Gollub, J. C. and M. Gharib, B. Lane and O. N. Mesquita, (1993) “Effective Thermal diffusivity and statistics of temperature fluctuation in a stirred fluid with a mean gradient,” Physics Review Letters.

Huang, J-, S., V. Russack, M. Flores-Aguilar, M. Gharib, W. Freeman, (1993) “Evaluation of Cytologic Specimens Obtained During Experimental Vitreous Biopsy,” Retina 13:160-165.

Roesgen, T. and M. Gharib, (1993) “Dynamics of laminar magnetic vortex rings,” Physics of Fluids A, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 515-517.

Shandas, R., M. Gharib and D. Sahn, (1993) “Fundamental Studies on the Flow Convergence Region using Simultaneous Ultrasound Doppler Flow Mapping and Laser Doppler Velocimetry: Invitro Studies on Steady and Pulsatile Flows.”

Shandas, R., Thomas, B., Gharib, M., Sahn, D., (1993) “Simultaneous Laser Doppler velocimetry and color Doppler studies assist refining methods for calculating regurgitant flow rates,” Circulation 88:1- 69.


Gharib, M., Shiota, T., Kang, S. U., McCann, H., Sahn, D., (1992) “Dynamic filling characteristics of the left ventricle fulfill hydrodynamic constraints for efficient energy transfer,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 19: 332A.

Lewis C. G. and M. Gharib, (1992) "An Exploration of the Wake Three Dimensionalities Caused by a Local Discontinuity in Cylinder Diameter," Physics of Fluids A 4: 1, pp. 104-117.

Liepmann, D. and M. Gharib, (1992) “The role of streamwise vorticity in the near-field entrainment of round jets,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 245, pp. 643-668.

Liepmann, D., Gharib, M., Shandas, R., and D. Sahn, (1992) “Characterization of Energy and Mass Transfer in Jets: Revelations of Radial Events and Studies by In-vitro Flow Visualization Techniques and New Color Doppler Ultrasound Methods with Enhanced Low Velocity Sensitivity,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 19 (3): 358A.

Shandas, R., Gharib, M., Liepmann, D., Shiota, T., and D. Sahn, (1992) “Experimental studies to define the geometry of the flow convergence region. Laser Doppler particle tracking and color Doppler imaging.,” Echocardiography, 9 (1): 43-50.

Willert C. E. and M. Gharib, (1992) “Three-dimensional particle imaging with a single camera,” Experiments in Fluids 12, pp. 353-358.


Dabiri, D. and M. Gharib, (1990 & 1991) "Digital Particle Image Thermometry," *(A) Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Application of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics and Workshop on the Use of Computers in Flow Measurements (Lisbon, Portugal, July 1990), Instituto Superior Téchnico, Lisbon, Portugal, 1990, Session 2, Paper 1, 6 pages; also (B) in Application of Laser Techniques in Fluid Mechanics, J. Whitelaw (Ed.), Special Volume by Springer-Verlag, expected January 1991, 6 pages.

Dabiri, D. and M. Gharib, (1991) "Digital Particle Image Thermometry: The Method and Implementation," Experiments in Fluids 11, pp. 77-86.

Hammache, M. and M. Gharib, (1991) "An experimental study of the parallel and oblique vortex shedding from circular cylinders," Journal of Fluid Mechanics 232, pp. 567-590.

Liepmann, D. and M. Gharib, (1991) “Streamwise vorticity in the near-field of round jets,” Physics of Fluids A, 3:1179.

Willert, C. E. and M. Gharib, (1991) "Digital Particle Image Velocimetry," Experiments in Fluids 10, pp. 181-193.


Bartsch, D-U, M. Intaglietta, J. F. Bille, A. W. Dreher, M. Gharib, and W. R. Freeman, (1990) "Analysis of the human macula by confocal laser tomography," Proceeding of 1st International Symposium on Scanning Laser Opthamology and Tomography, 19 pp.

Elgar, S., C. W. Van Atta and M. Gharib, (1990) "Cross-Bispectral Analysis of a Vibrating Cylinder and Its Wake in Low Reynolds Number Flow," Journal of Fluids and Structures 4, pp. 59-71.

Liepmann, D. and M. Gharib, (1990) “The effect of a Free Surface on a Round Jet,” Physics of Fluids A, 2:1520.

Williams-Stuber, K. and M. Gharib, (1990) "Transition from order to chaos in the wake of an airfoil," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 213, pp. 29-57.


Bartsch, D. -U., Integliala, M., Belle, J. F., Brehere, A. W., Gharib, M., and W. R. Freeman, (1989) “Confocal laser tomographic analysis of the retina in eyes with macular hole formation and other macular diseases,” American Journal of Opthamology, 108, 277-87.

Elgar, Steve, Van Atta, C. W. and Gharib, M. (1989) "Bispectral Analysis of Ordered and Chaotic vortex Shedding from Vibrating Cylinders at Low Reynolds Numbers," Physica D 39 , pp. 281-286.

Gharib M., and C. Willert, (1988 & 1989) "Particle Tracing: Revisited," (A) AIAA 1988, Paper No. AIAA- 88-3776-CP, 1935-1943. (B) Chapter 3, Advances in Experimental Fluid Mechanics, Lecture Notes in Engineering, Vol. 37, Springer-Verlag, 1989, pp. 109-126.

Gharib, M., and Derango, P. (1989) "A Liquid Film (Soap Film) Tunnel to Study Two-Dimensional Laminar and Turbulent Shear Flows," Physica D 37, pp. 406-416.

Hammache, C. and M. Gharib, (1989) "A novel method to promote parallel vortex shedding in the wake of circular cylinders," Physics of Fluids A 1 : 10, pp. 1611-1614.

Stuber, K. and M. Gharib, (1989) "Experiments on the forced wake of an airfoil," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 208, pp. 225-255.

Willert, C. and M. Gharib, (1989) "A new video technique to capture images generated by a smoke wire," Experiments in Fluids 8 , pp. 236-237.

Williams-Stuber, K. and M. Gharib, (1989) "Study of the origin of three-dimensional structures and chaos in an externally-forced free shear layer" American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, Paper 89-1021.

Williams-Stuber, K. and M. Gharib, (1989) "Experimental observation of chaos in free-mixing layers," Proceedings of the Third Joint ASCE/ASME Mechanics Conference, Forum on Turbulent Flows (La Jolla, California, July 1989), FED (Series), Vol. 76, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1989, 24 pp.


Gharib, M. and Derango, P., (1988) "Flow Studies of a Two-Dimensional Liquid Film Jet," Physics of Fluids 31 : 9, 2389.

Stuber, K. and M. Gharib, (1988) "Experiments on the forced wake of an airfoil transition from order to chaos," American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, Paper No., 88-3840-CP, pp. 723-730.

Van Atta, C. W., M. Gharib, and M. Hammache, (1987 & 1988) "Three-dimensional Structure of Ordered and Chaotic Vortex Shedding behind Circular Cylinders at Low Reynolds Numbers," (A) Proceedings of the Symposium on Fundamental Aspects of Vortex Motion (Tokyo, Japan, August- September 1987) North Holland Pub. Co., Amsterdam, 1988; also (B) Fluid Dynamics Research 3: 1-4 (1988), pp. 127-132.


Aref, H., M. Gharib and C. W. Van Atta, (1987) "Chaos in Shear Flows," American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, Paper No. 87-1251.

Gharib, M. and A. Roshko, (1987) "The Effect of Flow Oscillations on Cavity Drag and a Technique for Their Control," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 177, pp. 501-530.

Gharib, M. and D. Greene, (1987) "Simultaneous Flow Velocity and Temperature Measurements by Image Processing of Optically Modulated Temperature Sensitive Liquid Crystal Tracers," Proceedings of the ASME Winter Annual Meeting (December, Boston, MA), American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 6 pp.

Gharib, M., (1987) "Response of the Cavity Shear Layer Oscillation to External Forcing," American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, 25: 1, pp. 43-47.

Van Atta, C. W. and M. Gharib, (1987) "Ordered and Chaotic Vortex Streets Behind Circular Cylinders at Low Reynolds Numbers," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 174, pp. 113-133.


Aaron, K. M., M. A. Hernan, P. Parikh, V. Sarohia and M. Gharib, (1986) "Simulation and Analysis of Natural Rain in a Wind Tunnel via Digital Imaging Processing Techniques," American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, Paper No. 86-0291, 5 pp.


Gharib, M., (1985) "Active Control of Cavity Shear Layer Oscillation," American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, Paper No. 85-0528, 9 pp.

Gharib, M., M. A. Hernan, A. H. Yavrouian and V. Sarohia, (1985) "Flow Velocity Measurement by Image Processing of Optically Activated Tracers," AIAA 23rd Aerospace Sciences Meeting (Reno, Nevada, January), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, Paper No. 85-0172, 6 pp.


Dosanjh, D. S., T. Matambo and M. Gharib, (1979) "Supersonic Jet Noise Reduction by Coaxial Jets with Coplanar and Staggered Exits," American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, Paper No. 79-0672, 13 pp.

Koochesfahani, M., C. J. Catherasoo, P. E. Dimotakis, M. Gharib and D. B. Lang, (1979) "Two-Point LDV Measurements in a Plane Mixing Layer," American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, 17: 12, pp. 1347-1351.